2. Wae Kong
This is the “extenal” side of Nae Kong and takes form with more than 4,000 codified techniques of offensive and defensive combat. In general martial arts are oriented on soft and circular principles or linear and hard ones. The Hwa Rang Do® combines both these elements to create a combat system adaptable and natural. The phase of instruction includes:
- All forms of strokes and blocks by hands (trapping and grabbing as well as blocking techniques and deflection of the shots using the hands, wrists, forearms, elbows, arms and shoulders);
- 365 individual kicks;
- throws and falls from any position and onto any surface;
- human structure and combative applications (to use body’s weak points to effectively control the opponent, regardless of their size);
- joint manipulation and/or bone breaking;
- finger pressure point applications;
- containment, control, and transport techniques;
- ground fighting and joint keys;
- grappling applications;
- offensive choking/breaking techniques;
- high-level fighting techniques against multiple opponents.
The applications of these combat techniques are taught in a controlled manner, in order to minimize the possible damage. The practitioner, from training constant of such techniques, get a good physical shape and develops a sense of self-defense. The techniques of Hwa Rang Do®, for their relative abundance and for the fact that they are a means of combat and also an artistic expression, require a large concentration during the practice and a remarkable ability to learn. These features can still be trained and improved over time by anyone with the necessary patience and perseverance. An important fact is that the Hwa Rang Do® fighting pattern is designed for a “thin” person to face a bigger opponent. So this art fits the practitioner and can be learned in different ways, at all ages.
3. Moo Gi Kong
Involves the offensive and defensive use of the over 108 traditional weapons found within 20 categories of weapons. The learning of these armed combat systems allows the practitioner to employ the majority of common objects as weapons. The use of traditional weapons, also strengthens the body structure and improves the ability of motor coordination.
4. Shin Kong
Refers to the study, development and control of the human mind in order to attain one’s full potential and mental capabilities. The techniques taught are designed to increase the level of awareness, concentration and ability to focus ideas.